Teaching Sessions

There are numerous empirical studies that have explored methods for teaching using video prompting. The following guidelines are based on these studies. As a teacher or parent, you will have the opportunity to make decisions based on your students/children. Use the following as guidelines, not as strict rules. As long as you are consistent and note when you make changes, you will be able to measure your student’s/child’s progress.

  1. Bring the student to the task site and tell them what task they will be working on.
  2. If you will be controlling the device
    1. Hold it so the student can see the screen.
    2. When you start a video, if needed, you can direct the student to watch the video by saying, “Watch this.” or simply pointing to the video.
    3. When you begin teaching, you should show only one video at a time. As your student begins to master the skill, you can consider showing more than one video at a time.
    4. When the video is finished, say, “Now you do it,” and give your student the opportunity to complete the step.
    5. If your student does not begin the step within about 5 s or if they begin to do the step incorrectly, provide error correction. You should always stop errors from occurring, as they will be more difficult to fix in the future. There are several ways you might do this, and you will have to make this decision based on your student.
    6. If your student doesn’t begin the step, you can simply provide an additional prompt by pointing to what they need to do, provide a physical prompt to start the step, or repeat the verbal direction.
    7. You can show the video for that step again, ensuring that the student is attending to the video. If you do this, repeat Steps b through d.
    8. If your student still does not begin the step or makes an error, you can model the step yourself, or use physical prompting to help the student complete the step.
    9. Repeat these steps with all of the steps for the task.
    10. Unless your student needs it, provide reinforcement for participating in the instruction rather than for performing the task steps correctly. If your student requires additional reinforcement, you can provide reinforcement after each step or after every couple of steps.
  3. If the student will be controlling the device, you will have to teach them how to use the app. Once they’ve demonstrated mastery of using the app, you will have much greater flexibility in using the device. You could put a series of tasks in a picture schedule and send your student to complete all of the tasks. We have used the cover picture for the task as the prompt to begin a task.